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It is through the immaculate example of our beloved Holy Prophet (PBUH) that we know how to perform namaz. He left behind the two most authentic sources of information ever- the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah. If it weren’t for the authentic collections of hadiths, we would have never known how to pray and be in the perfect position to ask Allah for His forgiveness. Whatever has been left out of the Holy Quran, take namaz positions for example, has been clearly mentioned and demonstrated in many hadith of the Prohet Muhammad.
After purifying yourself by making wudu (performing ablution) you must have the intention to pray for the sake of reward from Allah. Your mind should be clear of all other thoughts and you should be focused on your meeting with the Creator. You should keep your attention from diverting elsewhere and only think about Allah, your existence and your purpose. The next step in learninghow to perform namaz takes you to the level of understanding what you must say during the positions of prayer.
Namely there are five positions during Salah. These include standing, bowing, I’tidal and stopping, prostration, sitting and the second prostration. For centuries after the advent of Islam, Muslims throughout history have prayed in a manner similar to Our Holy Prophet (PBUH)
Below is a brief account that explains what should be recited during each of the above mentioned positions.
In this position the Muslim must say takbir or “Allahu Akbar.”
If it is the first raka’ah, say, “Subhaanak-Allaahumma, wa bihamdika, wa tabaarakasmuka, wa ta’aalaa jadduka, wa laa ilaaha ghayruk.”
“aaūdhu bi-llāhi min ash-shayṭāni r-rajīm”
“b-ism illāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm”
Surah Fatiha is recited and if it is the first or second raka’ah, you will also recite a surah of your own choice.
Say the Takbir.
During the ruku’ or bowing, you must say, “subḥāna rabbī al-aẓīm” three or more times.
I’tidal and Stopping
I’tidal is when you stand once again after the ruku’. Here you should say, “samia allāhu li-man ḥamidah rabbanā wa-laka al-ḥamd,” and then the Takbir.
Say “subḥāna rabbī al-‘alā” three times followed by the Takbir.
While sitting, you may recite a short prayer. It’s preferred to say, “rabb ‘ighfir lī, rabb ‘ighfir lī”and then the takbir.
Say the same thing as in the first prostration. At the end of the salah, when you turn your head toward the right say, “assalamu alaikum wa rahmat ullah” and repeat it again with the head turned to the left.