How To Perform Namaz

Learning how to perform namaz is a task that should be fulfilled with enthusiasm and dedication to Allah the Almighty. Even if you know how to pray, it would still be highly beneficial to go through the study of hadith and appropriate praying methods again. At Learning Quran Online, we have incredibly experienced teachers who can help you learn everything you need to know about Islam and Namaz (Prayer).

Although the accurate details on how to perform namaz are not clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, Muslims all over the world have been observing salah appropriately thanks to the expansive collection of authentic hadith. It is through the example of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that we know how to perform ablution (wudu) and how to sit, stand and recite during prayer.

The method of Namaz or prayer is very simple and has been derived from the context of various hadiths. Certain positions are involved but they are very easy to replicate.

Wa’il b. Hujr reported: He saw the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) raising his hands at the time of beginning the prayer and reciting takbir, and according to Hammam (the narrator), the hands were lifted opposite to ears. He (the Holy Prophet) then wrapped his hands in his cloth and placed his right hand over his left hand. And when he was about to bow down, he brought out his hands from the cloth, and then lifted them, and then recited takbir and bowed down and when (he came back to the erect position) he recited:” Allah listened to him who praised Him.” And when prostrates. He prostrated between the two palms. [Sahih Muslim Book 004, Number 0792]

This genuine hadith among many others is a validation of our prayers and the way we perform them today. Our ancestors followed the same tradition and we are inheritors of this wonderful Sunnah. A detailed explanation of the steps involved in a Muslim’s prayer is given below.

You should be facing the Qiblah. (direction of Mecca). Standing straight, lift both hands with palms towards the ears and proclaim, “God is great”.

Still standing, place your right hand over the left one with both positioned either above the naval or on the chest. In this position, we recite the first chapter of the Qur’an along with another short Surah or a few verses from a long surah.

Next you must bow with both hands placed just below the knee and say, “Glory be to God, the most Great,” three times.

As you get back up say, “God listens to the one who praises Him.” Once standing upright, position your hands loosely at your sides. Say, “God is great.”

For prostration, go down on your knees with your forehead, nose, palms, toes and knees touching the floor. Say, “Glory be to God, the most high” 3 times.

While moving to a sitting position, say, “God is great.”

Say, “God is great” while moving back to the prostrating position. Say “Glory be to God, the most high” 3 times.

Return to the sitting position and recite the prescribed prayers.

At the end of the prayer, turn your head towards the right and say, “Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.” Then turn it to the left and say the same again.


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